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Development of a common intraregional monitoring system for the
environmental protection and preservation of the Black Sea – ECO-Satellite

About ECO-Satellite

EU initiative, axis, meter, acronym:

Joint Operational Programme “BLACK SEA 2007-2013”

 

Priority 2: Sharing resources and competencies for environmental protection and conservation

 

Measure 2.1: Strengthening the joint knowledge and information base needed to address common challenges in the environmental protection of river and maritime systems

 

Title of the Action and acronym:

Development of a common intraregional monitoring system for the environmental protection and preservation of the Black Sea – ECO-Satellite

 

Locations of the Action Greece, Romania, Ukraine, Bulgaria

Name of the Applicant: Decentralized administration of Macedonia and Thrace

 

Total duration of the Action: 24 months

 

 

The project is co-financed 90% by the European Neighbourhood & Partnership Instrument - ENPI

 

 

Abstract of the Programme:

It is widely recognized that the Black Sea faces serious environmental problems. Some of the major European rivers e.g. Danube, Dinper, Dnester, Bug discharge into the Black Sea carrying significant pollution loads. About one third of the land area of continental Europe drains into this semi-enclosed sea, which is connected to the Mediterranean through the narrow Bosphorous Channel. The increased pollution load that enters the Black Sea has led to a significant deterioration of the marine ecosystem and to a sharp decline of fisheries resources. Pollutants, including agrochemicals, toxic metals and radionuclides, made their way into the sea either through the atmosphere or river discharges. Increased "nutrients" caused an overproduction of phytoplankton, which block the light to reach the sea grasses and algae. Industrial activity, mining, shipping, and offshore oil and gas exploration further contributed to the sea's destruction. Tanker accidents and operational discharges caused oil pollution, and coastal industries discharged wastes directly, with little or no treatment. Some countries dumped solid waste into the sea or onto wetlands. Urban areas flushed untreated sewage; and poor planning destroyed much of the aesthetics of the coastlines.

The main goal of the proposed project is the creation of a common intraregional monitor system having almost near real time capabilities. The system will make use of the technologically assets provided by the satellite data and by geomatics facilities. The project will contribute to the efforts for strengthening the joint knowledge and information base needed for the environmental protection of the Black Sea maritime system.